Here in the US, we consume less oil per person and less water per person than we have in decades.
Oil consumption per person per year, from the IEA. (The last bullet point is their projection for 2030):
Water withdrawals per person, from the Pacific Institute. While the 2010 data point is missing, it would most likely show US water withdrawals down to a level not seen since the 1940s.
It's possible to grow richer while using less.